Dakota Reference Manual  Version 6.12
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pof_darts


Probability-of-Failure (POF) darts is a novel method for estimating the probability of failure based on random sphere-packing.

Topics

This keyword is related to the topics:

Specification

Alias: nond_pof_darts

Argument(s): none

Child Keywords:

Required/Optional Description of Group Dakota Keyword Dakota Keyword Description
Required build_samples

Number of initial model evaluations used in build phase

Optional seed

Seed of the random number generator

Optional lipschitz Select the type of Lipschitz estimation (global or local)
Optional samples_on_emulator

Number of samples at which to evaluate an emulator (surrogate)

Optional response_levels

Values at which to estimate desired statistics for each response

Optional probability_levels Specify probability levels at which to estimate the corresponding response value
Optional gen_reliability_levels Specify generalized relability levels at which to estimate the corresponding response value
Optional distribution

Selection of cumulative or complementary cumulative functions

Optional rng

Selection of a random number generator

Optional model_pointer

Identifier for model block to be used by a method

Description

pof_darts is a novel method for estimating the probability of failure based on random sphere-packing. Random spheres are sampled from the domain with the constraint that each new sphere center has to be outside prior disks. The radius of each sphere is chosen such that the entire sphere lie either in the failure or the non-failure region. This radius depends of the function evaluation at the disk center, the failure threshold and an estimate of the function gradient at the disk center.

We utilize a global surrogate for evaluating the gradient and hence only one function evaluation is required for each sphere.

After exhausting the sampling budget specified by samples, which is the number of spheres per failure threshold, the domain is decomposed into two regions. These regions correspond to failure and non-failure, each represented by the union of the spheres of each type. The volume of the union of failure spheres gives a lower bound on the required estimate of the probability of failure, while the volume of the union of the non-failure spheres subtracted from the volume of the domain gives an upper estimate. We currently report the average of both estimates.

pof_darts handles multiple response functions and allows each to have multiple failure thresholds. For each failure threshold, pof_darts will insert a number of spheres specified by the user-input parameter samples.

However, estimating the probability of failure for each failure threshold would utilize the total number of disks sampled for all failure thresholds. For each failure threshold, the sphere radii changes to generate the right spatial decomposition.