Dakota Reference Manual  Version 6.4
Large-Scale Engineering Optimization and Uncertainty Analysis
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Select a replacement type for JEGA methods


Alias: none

Argument(s): none

Default: below_limit

Required/Optional Description of Group Dakota Keyword Dakota Keyword Description
(Choose One)
Group 1 elitist Use the best designs to form a new population
roulette_wheel Replace population
unique_roulette_wheel Replace population
below_limit Limit number of designs dominating those kept


Replace the population with members selected to continue in the next generation. The pool of potential members is the current population and the current set of offspring. The replacement_type of roulette_wheel or unique_roulette_wheel may be used either with MOGA or SOGA problems however they are not recommended for use with MOGA. Given that the only two fitness assessors for MOGA are the layer_rank and domination_count, the recommended selector is the below_limit selector. The below_limit replacement will only keep designs that are dominated by fewer than a limiting number of other designs.

In roulette_wheel replacement, each design is conceptually allotted a portion of a wheel proportional to its fitness relative to the fitnesses of the other Designs. Then, portions of the wheel are chosen at random and the design occupying those portions are duplicated into the next population. Those Designs allotted larger portions of the wheel are more likely to be selected (potentially many times). unique_roulette_wheel replacement is the same as roulette_wheel replacement, with the exception that a design may only be selected once. The below_limit selector attempts to keep all designs for which the negated fitness is below a certain limit. The values are negated to keep with the convention that higher fitness is better. The inputs to the below_limit selector are the limit as a real value, and a shrinkage_percentage as a real value. The shrinkage_percentage defines the minimum amount of selections that will take place if enough designs are available. It is interpreted as a percentage of the population size that must go on to the subsequent generation. To enforce this, below_limit makes all the selections it would make anyway and if that is not enough, it takes the remaining that it needs from the best of what is left (effectively raising its limit as far as it must to get the minimum number of selections). It continues until it has made enough selections. The shrinkage_percentage is designed to prevent extreme decreases in the population size at any given generation, and thus prevent a big loss of genetic diversity in a very short time. Without a shrinkage limit, a small group of "super" designs may appear and quickly cull the population down to a size on the order of the limiting value. In this case, all the diversity of the population is lost and it is expensive to re-diversify and spread the population. The

The replacement_type for a SOGA may be roulette_wheel, unique_roulette_wheel, elitist, or favor_feasible. The elitist selector simply chooses the required number of designs taking the most fit. For example, if 100 selections are requested, then the top 100 designs as ranked by fitness will be selected and the remaining will be discarded. The favor_feasible replacement type first considers feasibility as a selection criteria. If that does not produce a "winner" then it moves on to considering fitness value. Because of this, any fitness assessor used with the favor_feasible selector must only account objectives in the creation of fitness. Therefore, there is such a fitness assessor and it's use is enforced when the favor_feasible selector is chosen. In that case, and if the output level is set high enough, a message will be presented indicating that the weighted_sum_only fitness assessor will be used.